Viscose has a supply chain problem. Campaigners have identified the semi-synthetic textile, once labelled a sustainable choice, as a troubling reason for global deforestation as well as toxic chemical pollution.
But a new vision for man-made cellulosic fibres such as viscose is laid out in an ambitious report released last week by Textile Exchange and Forum for the Future, two global non-profits, in collaboration with leading industry players.
The man-made cellulosic fibre category, dominated by viscose (also known as rayon), includes modal, cupro, lyocell and acetate — all together they are the third-most common fibre used globally. The new report is a roadmap for addressing the environmental impacts of their production, but it also symbolises an important emerging shift in sustainability efforts — away from a focus on negative impacts, towards generating positive ones.
The big concern is deforestation and the associated decline in biodiversity. Destruction of ecosystems by human activity is thought to be the root cause ofthe Covid-19 pandemic — which scientists say is just a taste of what continued forest and biodiversity loss could mean for people and the planet.
Canopy, a Vancouver-based non-profit, has worked since 2013 with fashion companies including Kering, Stella McCartney and Eileen Fisher to shift their sourcing of viscose and other wood-based materials, used for everything from dresses to scarves to socks. Supporters say the campaign, called CanopyStyle, has made a significant dent in the destruction of endangered rainforest for viscose sourcing. A similar campaign has targeted the intensive chemical process used to transform the wood pulp into fibre.
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但是，上周由两家全球性非营利组织 Textile Exchange 和 Forum for the Future 与领先的行业参与者合
原文 Vogue Business